The canal, the waterways it opened to the Chesapeake Bay, and the Blackwater River were the means of conveying goods, lumber, and those seeking freedom.
And the small ports were places for connecting the enslaved with the world outside the Eastern Shore, places on the path north to freedom. Near the canal is the Jacob Jackson Home Site, acres of flat farmland, woodland, and wetland that was the site of one of the first safe houses along the Underground Railroad. Jackson was a free black man to whom Tubman appealed for assistance in in attempting to retrieve her brothers and who, because he was literate, would have been an important link in the local communication network. Further reinforcing the historical significance and integrity of these sites is their proximity to other important sites of Tubman's life and work.
She was born in the heart of this area at Peter's Neck at the end of Harrisville Road, on the farm of Anthony Thompson. Nearby is the farm that belonged to Edward Brodess, enslaver of Tubman's mother and her children. She remembered the harsh treatment she received here, long afterward recalling that even when ill, she was expected to wade into swamps throughout the cold winter to haul muskrat traps.
A few miles from the James Cook Home Site is the Bucktown Crossroads, where a slave overseer hit the year-old Tubman with a heavy iron as she attempted to protect a young fleeing slave, resulting in an injury that affected Tubman for the rest of her life.
A quarter mile to the north are Scotts Chapel and the associated African-American graveyard. The church was founded in as a Methodist congregation. Later, in the midth century, African Americans split off from the congregation and formed Bazel Church. Across from Scotts Chapel is an African-American graveyard with headstones dating to Bazel Church is located nearby on a 1-acre clearing edged by the road and otherwise surrounded by cultivated fields and forest. According to tradition, this is where African Americans worshipped outdoors during Tubman's time.
The National Park Service has found this landscape in Dorchester County to be nationally significant because of its deep association with Tubman and the Underground Railroad. It is representative of the landscape of this region in the early and midth century when enslavers and enslaved worked the farms and forests.
30 Lessons in Love, Leadership and Legacy from Harriet Tubman
This is the landscape where free African Americans and the enslaved led a clandestine movement of people out of slavery towards the North Star of freedom. These sites were places where enslaved and free African Americans intermingled. Moreover, these sites fostered an environment that enabled free individuals to provide aid and guidance to those enslaved who were seeking freedom. This landscape, including the towns, roads, and paths within it, and its critical waterways, was the means for communication and the path to freedom. The Underground Railroad was everywhere within it.
The Refuge provides vital habitat for migratory birds, fish, and wildlife that are components of this historic landscape. Management of the Refuge by the U. Fish and Wildlife Service has played an important role in the protection of much of the historic landscape that was formative to Harriet Tubman's life and experiences. The Refuge has helped to conserve the landscape since and will continue to conserve, manage, and restore this diverse assemblage of wetlands, uplands, and aquatic habitats that play such an important role in telling the story of the cultural history of the area.
The State of Maryland and the Federal Government will work closely together in managing these special places within their respective jurisdictions to preserve this critically important era in American history. Harriet Tubman is revered by many as a freedom seeker and leader of the Underground Railroad. Although Harriet Tubman is known widely, no Federal commemorative site has heretofore been established in her honor, despite the magnitude of her contributions and her national and international stature.
WHEREAS members of the Congress, the Governor of Maryland, the City of Cambridge, and other State, local, and private interests have expressed support for the timely establishment of a national monument in Dorchester County commemorating Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad to protect the integrity of the evocative landscape and preserve its historic features;. These reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 11, acres, which is the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected. All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of this monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, location, selection, sale, leasing, or other disposition under the public land laws, including withdrawal from location, entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing.
The establishment of this monument is subject to valid existing rights. Lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the monument that are not owned or controlled by the United States shall be reserved as part of the monument upon acquisition of ownership or control by the United States. Fish and Wildlife Service, pursuant to their respective applicable legal authorities, to implement the purposes of this proclamation. The National Park Service shall have the general responsibility for administration of the monument, including the Jacob Jackson Home Site, subject to the responsibility and jurisdiction of the U.
Fish and Wildlife Service to administer the portions of the national monument that are within the National Wildlife Refuge System. When any additional lands and interests in lands are hereafter acquired by the United States within the monument boundaries, the Secretary shall determine whether such lands will be administered as part of the National Park System or the National Wildlife Refuge System. Hunting and fishing within the National Wildlife Refuge System shall continue to be administered by the U.
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Consistent with applicable laws, the National Park Service and the U. Fish and Wildlife Service shall enter into appropriate arrangements to share resources and services necessary to properly manage the monument. Consistent with applicable laws, the National Park Service shall offer to enter into appropriate arrangements with the State of Maryland for the efficient and effective cooperative management of the monument and the Harriet Tubman -- Underground Railroad State Park. The Secretary shall prepare a management plan for the monument, with full public involvement, within 3 years of the date of this proclamation.
The management plan shall ensure that the monument fulfills the following purposes for the benefit of present and future generations: 1 to preserve the historic and scientific resources identified above, 2 to commemorate the life and work of Harriet Tubman, and 3 to interpret the story of the Underground Railroad and its significance to the region and the Nation as a whole. The management plan shall set forth, among other provisions, the desired relationship of the monument to other related resources, programs, and organizations in the region and elsewhere.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall be the dominant reservation.
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Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of the monument and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof. Commemorating the th Memorial Anniversary of. Dinner to follow the celebration. Special religious tribute with local clergy guest speakers at p. In honour of Harriet Tubman who was deeply religious, selfless and giving, ALL monetary free will offerings will be donated to Community Care.
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All are welcome to attend! Harriet Tubman's friends and fellow abolitionists claimed that the source of her strength came from her faith in God as deliverer and protector of the weak. Harriet Tubman said she would listen carefully to the voice of God as she led slaves north, and she would only go where she felt God was leading her. Fellow abolitionist Thomas Garrett said of her, "I never met any person of any color who had more confidence in the voice of God.
A listing of the yearlong centennial events can be found at. She looks as stern and hard as a human being can in old photographs. Unsmiling and steely eyed, Tubman's face gives every impression of a woman who means business. But there are reasons for that. During one of her treks into Canada leading slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad from the United States, the iconic freedom fighter developed serious problems with her teeth.
Serious enough that it should have stopped her in her tracks. But when you are an outlaw on the run, flaunting the racist laws of state and federal governments, there isn't time to stop. That's why she doesn't smile. Bush regaled the audience that packed the church Friday morning as part of a ceremony to unveil a Parks Canada historical plaque commemorating Tubman's role as a critical conductor of the railroad, a loosely connected series of safe-houses African-American slaves used to escape to freedom in Canada.
The church was one of the final points on the railroad and Tubman took up residence in St. Catharines for about a decade, Bush said.
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The plaque was actually issued years before, but because of a squabble over how it presented Tubman's birth date it was kept in storage at Fort George in Niagara-on-the-Lake. Bush and others took issue with the plaque giving Tubman's birth date as In fact, Tubman's exact date of birth is unknown, so Bush insisted the plaque read "circa.
It wasn't until St. Catharines MP Rick Dykstra got involved that a new plaque was produced with the letter "c" added before the year. However, when she presented a short history of Tubman's life the original plaque's gaffe came back to haunt her.
Harriet Tubman : 30 Lessons in Love, Leadership, and Legacy
Catharines refused to allow it to be erected. There were no records. Catharines to be given the national honor she joined William Hamilton Merritt and prepared a plaque marking her significance, BME Church members were dismayed at the date given for her birth. The large metal plaque indicated she had been born in So because of a missing "C," the federal plaque has been languishing in storage at Fort George in Niagara-on-the-Lake ever since.
Speaking at the church service Sunday afternoon, Dykstra said he has long considered Tubman a personal hero because of the "defining moment" when she decided to risk her own freedom to help others. He said Parks Canada staff didn't want to scrap the sign they had commissioned, but he decided to intervene on behalf of the church. Bush said Tubman's national distinction was never publicized because of the dispute over her birth.
Now that the dispute has been resolved, the plaque can be installed. Catharines Mayor Brian McMullan said it's important to remember the contribution of Tubman and others who fought for freedom, "because we are the beneficiaries of what they fought for. Jason Haynes, pastor of Zion Baptist Church, said it was also important to remember Tubman was inspired by her deep religious faith, and her conviction that God was calling her to risk her life for the freedom of others.
You are not really free unless you know him. McMullan said he hopes the vacant lot behind the church will one day be the site of a black history museum. Perhaps some day, in the not too distant future, we will all be able to celebrate a national historic museum. Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway. The bust was made by artist Frank Rekrut who is seen being photographed by the bust. Catharines, but now that presence is concrete. A stone bust of the famed Underground Railroad conductor was unveiled at the church Monday, surrounded by a new meditation garden.
The celebration marked a collaboration that transformed a dead lawn at the church at 92 Geneva St. The bust was donated by sculptor Frank Rekrut, who spent months creating the likeness.